Latest Update Free Version of ISC CISSP Exam Study Guides in CertBus

CertBus 2020 Real ISC CISSP ISC Certification Exam VCE and PDF Dumps for Free Download!

CISSP ISC Certification Exam PDF and VCE Dumps : 970QAs Instant Download: https://www.certbus.com/CISSP.html [100% CISSP Exam Pass Guaranteed or Money Refund!!]
☆ Free view online pdf on CertBus free test CISSP PDF: https://www.certbus.com/online-pdf/CISSP.pdf
☆ CertBus 2020 Real CISSP ISC Certification exam Question PDF Free Download from Google Drive Share: https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B_3QX8HGRR1mVXBDYy0tYmNFSHM/view?usp=sharing

Following CISSP 970QAs are all new published by ISC Official Exam Center

As a leading IT exam study material provider, CertBus not only provides you the Newest CISSP exam questions exam questions and answers but also the most comprehensive knowledge of the whole ISC Certification Newest CISSP vce dumps Certified Information Systems Security Professional certifications. We provide our users with the most accurate Newest CISSP QAs Certified Information Systems Security Professional study material about the ISC Certification Sep 28,2020 Newest CISSP vce exam and the guarantee of pass. We assist you to get well prepared for ISC Certification Newest CISSP pdf dumps certification which is regarded valuable the IT sector.

CertBus CISSP certification dumps : oracle, ibm and many more. CertBus – help you prepare for CISSP certification exams. latest update, most accurate and high pass rate. CertBus – 100% real CISSP certification exam questions and answers. easily pass with a high score. unlimited access to 3500 CertBus exams q and a.

We CertBus has our own expert team. They selected and published the latest CISSP preparation materials from ISC Official Exam-Center: https://www.certbus.com/CISSP.html

Question 1:

Which of the following biometric parameters are better suited for authentication use over a long period of time?

A. Iris pattern

B. Voice pattern

C. Signature dynamics

D. Retina pattern

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The iris pattern is considered lifelong. Unique features of the iris are:

freckles, rings, rifts, pits, striations, fibers, filaments, furrows, vasculature and coronas. Voice, signature and retina patterns are more likely to change over time, thus are not as suitable for authentication over a long period of time without

needing re-enrollment. Source: FERREL, Robert G, Questions and Answers for the CISSP Exam, domain 1 (derived from the Information Security Management Handbook, 4th Ed., by Tipton and Krause).


Question 2:

What are called user interfaces that limit the functions that can be selected by a user?

A. Constrained user interfaces

B. Limited user interfaces

C. Mini user interfaces

D. Unlimited user interfaces

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: Another method for controlling access is by restricting users to specific functions based on their role in the system. This is typically implemented by limiting available menus, data views, encryption, or by physically constraining the

user interfaces.

This is common on devices such as an automated teller machine (ATM). The advantage of a constrained user interface is that it limits potential avenues of attack and system failure by restricting the processing options that are available to the

user.

On an ATM machine, if a user does not have a checking account with the bank he or she will not be shown the “Withdraw money from checking” option. Likewise, an information system might have an “Add/Remove Users” menu option for

administrators, but if a normal, non-administrative user logs in he or she will not even see that menu option. By not even identifying potential options for non-qualifying users, the system limits the potentially harmful execution of unauthorized

system or application commands.

Many database management systems have the concept of “views.” A database view is an extract of the data stored in the database that is filtered based on predefined user or system criteria. This permits multiple users to access the same

database while only having the ability to access data they need (or are allowed to have) and not data for another user. The use of database views is another example of a constrained user interface.

The following were incorrect answers:

All of the other choices presented were bogus answers.

The following reference(s) were used for this question:

Hernandez CISSP, Steven (2012-12-21). Official (ISC)2 Guide to the CISSP CBK, Third Edition ((ISC)2 Press) (Kindle Locations 1989-2002). Auerbach Publications. Kindle Edition.


Question 3:

Layer 2 of the OSI model has two sublayers. What are those sublayers, and what are two IEEE standards that describe technologies at that layer?

A. LCL and MAC; IEEE 8022 and 8023

B. LCL and MAC; IEEE 8021 and 8023

C. Network and MAC; IEEE 8021 and 8023

Correct Answer: A

Explanation: The data link layer, or Layer 2, of the OSI model is responsible for adding a header and a trailer to a packet to prepare the packet for the local area network or wide area network technology binary format for proper line

transmission.

Layer 2 is divided into two functional sublayers.

The upper sublayer is the Logical Link Control (LLC) and is defined in the IEEE 8022 specification. It communicates with the network layer, which is immediately above the data link layer.

Below the LLC is the Media Access Control (MAC) sublayer, which specifies the interface with the protocol requirements of the physical layer.

Thus, the specification for this layer depends on the technology of the physical layer. The IEEE MAC specification for Ethernet is 8023, Token Ring is 8025, wireless LAN is 80211, and so on. When you see a reference to an IEEE standard,

such as 80211 or 80216, it refers to the protocol working at the MAC sublayer of the data link layer of the protocol stack.

The following answers are incorrect:

LCL and MAC; IEEE 8022 and 8023 is incorrect because LCL is a distracter. The correct acronym for the upper sublayer of the data link layer is LLC. It stands for the Logical Link Control. By providing multiplexing and flow control

mechanisms, the LLC enables the coexistence of network protocols within a multipoint network and their transportation over the same network media.

LCL and MAC; IEEE 8021 and 8023 is incorrect because LCL is a distracter. The sublayers of the data link layer are the Logical Link Control (LLC) and the Media Access Control (MAC). Furthermore, the LLC is defined in the IEEE 8022

specification, not 8021 The IEEE 8021 specifications are concerned with protocol layers above the MAC and LLC layers. It addresses LAN/MAN architecture, network management, internetworking between LANs and WANs, and link security,

etc.

Network and MAC; IEEE 8021 and 8023 is incorrect because network is not a sublayer of the data link layer. The sublayers of the data link layer are the Logical Link Control (LLC) and the Media Access Control (MAC). The LLC sits between

the network layer (the layer immediately above the data link layer) and the MAC sublayer. Also, the LLC is defined in the IEEE 8022 specification,not IEEE 8021 As just explained, 8021 standards address areas of LAN/MAN architecture,

network management, internetworking between LANs and WANs, and link security.The IEEE 8021 group\’s four active task groups are Internetworking, Security, Audio/Video Bridging, and Data Center Bridging.

The following reference(s) were/was used to create this question:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OSI_model


Question 4:

Which of the following access control models requires defining classification for objects?

A. Role-based access control

B. Discretionary access control

C. Identity-based access control

D. Mandatory access control

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: With mandatory access control (MAC), the authorization of a subject\’s access to an object is dependant upon labels, which indicate the subject\’s clearance, and classification of objects.

The Following answers were incorrect:

Identity-based Access Control is a type of Discretionary Access Control (DAC), they are synonymous.

Role Based Access Control (RBAC) and Rule Based Access Control (RuBAC or RBAC) are types of Non Discretionary Access Control (NDAC).

Tip:

When you have two answers that are synonymous they are not the right choice for sure.

There is only one access control model that makes use of Label, Clearances, and Categories, it is Mandatory Access Control, none of the other one makes use of those items.

Reference(s) used for this question:

KRUTZ, Ronald L. and VINES, Russel D., The CISSP Prep Guide: Mastering the Ten Domains of Computer Security, John Wiley and Sons, 2001, Chapter 2: Access control systems (page 33).


Question 5:

Considerations of privacy, invasiveness, and psychological and physical comfort when using the system are important elements for which of the following?

A. Accountability of biometrics systems

B. Acceptability of biometrics systems

C. Availability of biometrics systems

D. Adaptability of biometrics systems

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Acceptability refers to considerations of privacy, invasiveness, and psychological and physical comfort when using the system. Source: KRUTZ, Ronald L. and VINES, Russel D., The CISSP Prep Guide: Mastering the Ten Domains of Computer Security, 2001, John Wiley and Sons, Page 39


CISSP PDF DumpsCISSP Study GuideCISSP Exam Questions

Question 6:

What is called the percentage at which the False Rejection Rate equals the False Acceptance Rate?

A. False Rejection Rate (FRR) or Type I Error

B. False Acceptance Rate (FAR) or Type II Error

C. Crossover Error Rate (CER)

D. Failure to enroll rate (FTE or FER)

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: The percentage at which the False Rejection Rate equals the False Acceptance Rate is called the Crossover Error Rate (CER). Another name for the CER is the Equal Error Rate (EER), any of the two terms could be used.

Equal error rate or crossover error rate (EER or CER)

It is the rate at which both accept and reject errors are equal. The EER is a quick way to compare the accuracy of devices with different ROC curves. In general, the device with the lowest EER is most accurate.

The other choices were all wrong answers:

The following are used as performance metrics for biometric systems:

False accept rate or false match rate (FAR or FMR): the probability that the system incorrectly matches the input pattern to a non-matching template in the database. It measures the percent of invalid inputs which are incorrectly accepted. This is when an impostor would be accepted by the system false reject rate or false non-match rate (FRR or FNMR): the probability that the system fails to detect a match between the input pattern and a matching template in the database. It measures the percent of valid inputs which are incorrectly rejected. This is when a valid company employee would be rejected by the system Failure to enroll rate (FTE or FER): the rate at which attempts to create a template from an input is unsuccessful. This is most commonly caused by low quality inputs.

Reference(s) used for this question: KRUTZ, Ronald L. and VINES, Russel D., The CISSP Prep Guide: Mastering the Ten Domains of Computer Security, 2001, John Wiley and Sons, Page 38 And https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biometrics


Question 7:

What is called the act of a user professing an identity to a system, usually in the form of a log-on ID?

A. Authentication

B. Identification

C. Authorization

D. Confidentiality

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: Identification is the act of a user professing an identity to a system, usually in the form of a log-on ID to the system.

Identification is nothing more than claiming you are somebody. You identify yourself when you speak to someone on the phone that you don\’t know, and they ask you who they\’re speaking to. When you say, “I\’m Jason.”, you\’ve just identified

yourself.

In the information security world, this is analogous to entering a username. It\’s not analogous to entering a password. Entering a password is a method for verifying that you are who you identified yourself as.

NOTE: The word “professing” used above means: “to say that you are, do, or feel something when other people doubt what you say”. This is exactly what happen when you provide your identifier (identification), you claim to be someone but

the system cannot take your word for it, you must further Authenticate to the system to prove who you claim to be.

The following are incorrect answers:

Authentication: is how one proves that they are who they say they are. When you claim to be Jane Smith by logging into a computer system as “jsmith”, it\’s most likely going to ask you for a password. You\’ve claimed to be that person by

entering the name into the username field (that\’s the identification part), but now you have to prove that you are really that person.

Many systems use a password for this, which is based on “something you know”, i.e. a secret between you and the system.

Another form of authentication is presenting something you have, such as a driver\’s license, an RSA token, or a smart card.

You can also authenticate via something you are. This is the foundation for biometrics. When you do this, you first identify yourself and then submit a thumb print, a retina scan, or another form of bio-based authentication.

Once you\’ve successfully authenticated, you have now done two things: you\’ve claimed to be someone, and you\’ve proven that you are that person. The only thing that\’s left is for the system to determine what you\’re allowed to do.

Authorization: is what takes place after a person has been both identified and authenticated; it\’s the step determines what a person can then do on the system.

An example in people terms would be someone knocking on your door at night. You say, “Who is it?”, and wait for a response. They say, “It\’s John.” in order to identify themselves. You ask them to back up into the light so you can see them

through the peephole. They do so, and you authenticate them based on what they look like (biometric). At that point you decide they can come inside the house.

If they had said they were someone you didn\’t want in your house (identification), and you then verified that it was that person (authentication), the authorization phase would not include access to the inside of the house.

Confidentiality: Is one part of the CIA triad. It prevents sensitive information from reaching the wrong people, while making sure that the right people can in fact get it. A good example is a credit card number while shopping online, the

merchant needs it to clear the transaction but you do not want your informaiton exposed over the network, you would use a secure link such as SSL, TLS, or some tunneling tool to protect the information from prying eyes between point A and point B. Data encryption is a common method of ensuring confidentiality.

The other parts of the CIA triad are listed below:

Integrity involves maintaining the consistency, accuracy, and trustworthiness of data over its entire life cycle. Data must not be changed in transit, and steps must be taken to ensure that data cannot be altered by unauthorized people (for

example, in a breach of confidentiality). In addition, some means must be in place to detect any changes in data that might occur as a result of non-human-caused events such as an electromagnetic pulse (EMP) or server crash. If an

unexpected change occurs, a backup copy must be available to restore the affected data to its correct state.

Availability is best ensured by rigorously maintaining all hardware, performing hardware repairs immediately when needed, providing a certain measure of redundancy and failover, providing adequate communications bandwidth and

preventing the occurrence of bottlenecks, implementing emergency backup power systems, keeping current with all necessary system upgrades, and guarding against malicious actions such as denial-of- service (DoS) attacks.

Reference used for this question:

http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/Confidentiality-integrity-and-availability-CIA

http://www.danielmiessler.com/blog/security-identification-authentication-and-authorization

http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/profess

KRUTZ, Ronald L. and VINES, Russel D., The CISSP Prep Guide: Mastering the Ten Domains of Computer Security, 2001, John Wiley and Sons, Page 36


Question 8:

What ensures that the control mechanisms correctly implement the security policy for the entire life cycle of an information system?

A. Accountability controls

B. Mandatory access controls

C. Assurance procedures

D. Administrative controls

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Controls provide accountability for individuals accessing information. Assurance procedures ensure that access control mechanisms correctly implement the security policy for the entire life cycle of an information system. Source: KRUTZ, Ronald L. and VINES, Russel D., The CISSP Prep Guide: Mastering the Ten Domains of Computer Security, John Wiley and Sons, 2001, Chapter 2: Access control systems (page 33).


Question 9:

An Intrusion Detection System (IDS) is what type of control?

A. A preventive control.

B. A detective control.

C. A recovery control.

D. A directive control.

Correct Answer: B

Explanation: These controls can be used to investigate what happen after the fact. Your IDS may collect information on where the attack came from, what port was use, and other details that could be used in the investigation steps. “Preventative control” is incorrect. Preventative controls preclude events or actions that might compromise a system or cause a policy violation. An intrusion prevention system would be an example of a preventative control.

“Recovery control” is incorrect. Recover controls include processes used to return the system to a secure state after the occurrence of a security incident. Backups and redundant components are examples of recovery controls. “Directive controls” is incorrect. Directive controls are administrative instruments such as policies, procedures, guidelines, and aggreements. An acceptable use policy is an example of a directive control. CBK, pp. 646 ?647


Question 10:

Which of the following statements pertaining to using Kerberos without any extension is false?

A. A client can be impersonated by password-guessing.

B. Kerberos is mostly a third-party authentication protocol.

C. Kerberos uses public key cryptography.

D. Kerberos provides robust authentication.

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: Kerberos is a trusted, credential-based, third-party authentication protocol that uses symmetric (secret) key cryptography to provide robust authentication to clients accessing services on a network. Because a client\’s password is used in the initiation of the Kerberos request for the service protocol, password guessing can be used to impersonate a client.

Here is a nice overview of HOW Kerberos is implement as described in RFC 4556:

1 Introduction

The Kerberos V5 protocol [RFC4120] involves use of a trusted third party known as the Key Distribution Center (KDC) to negotiate shared session keys between clients and services and provide mutual authentication between them.

The corner-stones of Kerberos V5 are the Ticket and the Authenticator. A Ticket encapsulates a symmetric key (the ticket session key) in an envelope (a public message) intended for a specific service. The contents of the Ticket are encrypted with a symmetric key shared between the service principal and the issuing KDC. The encrypted part of the Ticket contains the client principal name, among other items. An Authenticator is a record that can be shown to have been recently generated using the ticket session key in the associated Ticket. The ticket session key is known by the client who requested the ticket. The contents of the Authenticator are encrypted with the associated ticket session key. The encrypted part of an Authenticator contains a timestamp and the client principal name, among other items.

As shown in Figure 1, below, the Kerberos V5 protocol consists of the following message exchanges between the client and the KDC, and the client and the application service:

The Authentication Service (AS) Exchange The client obtains an “initial” ticket from the Kerberos authentication server (AS), typically a Ticket Granting Ticket (TGT). The AS-REQ message and the AS-REP message are the request and the reply message, respectively, between the client and the AS.

The Ticket Granting Service (TGS) Exchange

The client subsequently uses the TGT to authenticate and request a service ticket for a particular service, from the Kerberos ticket-granting server (TGS). The TGS-REQ message and the TGS-REP message are the request and the reply message respectively between the client and the TGS.

The Client/Server Authentication Protocol (AP) Exchange

The client then makes a request with an AP-REQ message, consisting of a service ticket and an authenticator that certifies the client\’s possession of the ticket session key. The server may optionally reply with an AP-REP message. AP

exchanges typically negotiate session-specific symmetric keys.

Usually, the AS and TGS are integrated in a single device also known as the KDC.

————–

———>| KDC |

AS-REQ / ——-| |

/ / ————–

/ / ^ |

/ |AS-REP / |

| | / TGS-REQ TGS-REP

| | / /

| | / /

| | / ———

| | / /

| | / /

| | / /

| v / v

——- —— —————–

| Client ————>| Application |

| | AP-REQ | Server |

| |<————| |

————— AP-REP —————–

Figure 1: The Message Exchanges in the Kerberos V5 Protocol

In the AS exchange, the KDC reply contains the ticket session key, among other items, that is encrypted using a key (the AS reply key) shared between the client and the KDC. The AS reply key is typically derived from the client\’s password

for human users. Therefore, for human users, the attack resistance strength of the Kerberos protocol is no stronger than the strength of their passwords.

Source: KRUTZ, Ronald L. and VINES, Russel D., The CISSP Prep Guide: Mastering the Ten Domains of Computer Security, John Wiley and Sons, 2001, Chapter 2: Access control systems (page 40).

And

HARRIS, Shon, All-In-One CISSP Certification Exam Guide, McGraw-Hill/Osborne, 2002, chapter 4: Access Control (pages 147-151).

and

http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4556txt


CertBus exam braindumps are pass guaranteed. We guarantee your pass for the CISSP exam successfully with our ISC materials. CertBus Certified Information Systems Security Professional exam PDF and VCE are the latest and most accurate. We have the best ISC in our team to make sure CertBus Certified Information Systems Security Professional exam questions and answers are the most valid. CertBus exam Certified Information Systems Security Professional exam dumps will help you to be the ISC specialist, clear your CISSP exam and get the final success.

CISSP Latest questions and answers on Google Drive(100% Free Download): https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B_3QX8HGRR1mVXBDYy0tYmNFSHM/view?usp=sharing

CISSP ISC exam dumps (100% Pass Guaranteed) from CertBus: https://www.certbus.com/CISSP.html [100% Exam Pass Guaranteed]

Why select/choose CertBus?

Millions of interested professionals can touch the destination of success in exams by certbus.com. products which would be available, affordable, updated and of really best quality to overcome the difficulties of any course outlines. Questions and Answers material is updated in highly outclass manner on regular basis and material is released periodically and is available in testing centers with whom we are maintaining our relationship to get latest material.

Brand Certbus Testking Pass4sure Actualtests Others
Price $45.99 $124.99 $125.99 $189 $69.99-99.99
Up-to-Date Dumps
Free 365 Days Update
Real Questions
Printable PDF
Test Engine
One Time Purchase
Instant Download
Unlimited Install
100% Pass Guarantee
100% Money Back
Secure Payment
Privacy Protection

Author: CertBus