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Who is an Ethical Hacker?
A. A person who hacks for ethical reasons
B. A person who hacks for an ethical cause
C. A person who hacks for defensive purposes
D. A person who hacks for offensive purposes
Correct Answer: C
The Ethical hacker is a security professional who applies his hacking skills for defensive purposes.
Where should a security tester be looking for information that could be used by an attacker against an organization? (Select all that apply)
A. CHAT rooms
B. WHOIS database
C. News groups
D. Web sites
E. Search engines
F. Organization\’s own web site
Correct Answer: ABCDEF
A Security tester should search for information everywhere that he/she can access. You never know where you find that small piece of information that could penetrate a strong defense.
Which of the following act in the united states specifically criminalizes the transmission of unsolicited commercial e-mail(SPAM) without an existing business relationship.
A. 2004 CANSPAM Act
B. 2003 SPAM Preventing Act
C. 2005 US-SPAM 1030 Act
D. 1990 Computer Misuse Act
Correct Answer: A
The CAN-SPAM Act of 2003 (Controlling the Assault of Non-Solicited Pornography and Marketing Act) establishes requirements for those who send commercial email, spells out penalties for spammers and companies whose products are advertised in spam if they violate the law, and gives consumers the right to ask emailers to stop spamming them. The law, which became effective January 1, 2004, covers email whose primary purpose is advertising or promoting a commercial product or service, including content on a Web site. A “transactional or relationship message” email that facilitates an agreed-upon transaction or updates a customer in an existing business relationship may not contain false or misleading routing information, but otherwise is exempt from most provisions of the CAN-SPAM Act.
One of the better features of NetWare is the use of packet signature that includes cryptographic signatures. The packet signature mechanism has four levels from 0 to 3. In the list below which of the choices represent the level that forces NetWare to sign all packets?
A. 0 (zero)
Correct Answer: D
0Server does not sign packets (regardless of the client level). 1Server signs packets if the client is capable of signing (client level is 2 or higher). 2Server signs packets if the client is capable of signing (client level is 1 or higher). 3Server signs packets and requires all clients to sign packets or logging in will fail.
If you receive a RST packet while doing an ACK scan, it indicates that the port is open.(True/False).
Correct Answer: A
When and ACK is sent to an open port, a RST is returned.
Theresa is an IT security analyst working for the United Kingdom Internet Crimes Bureau in London. Theresa has been assigned to the software piracy division which focuses on taking down individual and organized groups that distribute copyrighted software illegally. Theresa and her division have been responsible for taking down over 2,000 FTP sites hosting copyrighted software. Theresa\’s supervisor now wants her to focus on finding and taking down websites that host illegal pirated software. What are these sights called that Theresa has been tasked with taking down?
A. These sites that host illegal copyrighted software are called Warez sites
B. These sites that Theresa has been tasked to take down are called uTorrent sites
C. These websites are referred to as Dark Web sites
D. Websites that host illegal pirated versions of software are called Back Door sites
Correct Answer: A
The Warez scene, often referred to as The Scene (often capitalized) is a term of self-reference used by a community that specializes in the underground distribution of pirated content, typically software but increasingly including movies and music.
You have installed antivirus software and you want to be sure that your AV signatures are working correctly. You don\’t want to risk the deliberate introduction of a live virus to test the AV software. You would like to write a harmless test virus, which is based on the European Institute for Computer Antivirus Research format that can be detected by the AV software.
How should you proceed?
A. Type the following code in notepad and save the file as SAMPLEVIRUS.COM. Your antivirus program springs into action whenever you attempt to open, run or copy it.X5O!P %@AP[4\PZX54(P^)7CC)7}$SAMPLEVIRUS-STANDARDANTIVIRUS-TEST-FILE!$H H*
B. Type the following code in notepad and save the file as AVFILE.COM. Your antivirus program springs into action whenever you attempt to open, run or copy it.X5O!P %@AP[4\PZX54(P^)7CC)7}$AVFILE-STANDARD-ANTIVIRUS-TESTFILE!$H H*
C. Type the following code in notepad and save the file as TESTAV.COM. Your antivirus program springs into action whenever you attempt to open, run or copy it.X5O!P %@AP[4\PZX54(P^)7CC)7}$TESTAV-STANDARD-ANTIVIRUSTEST-FILE!$H H*
D. Type the following code in notepad and save the file as EICAR.COM. Your antivirus program springs into action whenever you attempt to open, run or copy it.X5O!P %@AP[4\PZX54(P^)7CC)7}$EICAR-STANDARD-ANTIVIRUS-TESTFILE!$H H*
Correct Answer: D
The EICAR test file (official name: EICAR Standard Anti-Virus Test File) is a file, developed by the European Institute for Computer Antivirus Research, to test the response of computer antivirus (AV) programs. The rationale behind it is to allow people, companies, and AV programmers to test their software without having to use a real computer virus that could cause actual damage should the AV not respond correctly. EICAR likens the use of a live virus to test AV software to setting a fire in a trashcan to test a fire alarm, and promotes the EICAR test file as a safe alternative.
Charlie is an IT security consultant that owns his own business in Denver. Charlie has recently been hired by Fleishman Robotics, a mechanical engineering company also in Denver. After signing service level agreements and other contract papers, Charlie asks to look over the current company security policies. Based on these policies, Charlie compares the policies against what is actually in place to secure the company\’s network. From this information, Charlie is able to produce a report to give to company executives showing which areas the company is lacking in. This report then becomes the basis for all of Charlie\’s remaining tests.
What type of initial analysis has Charlie performed to show the company which areas it needs improvements in?
A. Charlie has performed a BREACH analysis; showing the company where its weak points are
B. This analysis would be considered a vulnerability analysis
C. This type of analysis is called GAP analysis
D. This initial analysis performed by Charlie is called an Executive Summary
Correct Answer: C
In business and economics, gap analysis is a tool that helps a company to compare its actual performance with its potential performance.
At its core are two questions: “Where are we?” and “Where do we want to be?”.
James is an IT security consultant as well as a certified ethical hacker. James has been asked to audit the network security of Yerta Manufacturing, a tool manufacturing company in Phoenix. James performs some initial external tests and then begins testing the security from inside the company\’s network.
James finds some big problems right away; a number of users that are working on Windows XP computers have saved their usernames and passwords used to connect to servers on the network. This way, those users do not have to type in their credentials every time they want access to a server. James tells the IT manager of Yerta Manufacturing about this, and the manager does not believe this is possible on Windows XP. To prove his point, James has a user logon to a computer and then James types in a command that brings up a window that says “Stored User Names and Passwords”.
What command did James type in to get this window to come up?
A. To bring up this stored user names and passwords window, James typed in “rundll32.exe storedpwd.dll, ShowWindow”
B. James had to type in “rundll32.exe keymgr.dll, KRShowKeyMgr” to get the window to pop up
C. James typed in the command “rundll32.exe storedpwd.dll” to get the Stored User Names and Passwords window to come up
D. The command to bring up this window is “KRShowKeyMgr”
Correct Answer: B
The Stored User Names and Passwords applet lets you assign user names and passwords to use when needing to authenticate yourself to services in domains other than the one you are currently logged into. The normal way of running this applet can be difficult to find quickly, so here is a way to launch it using a desktop shortcut using the rundll32.exe program:
Click on START – RUN and type the following (follwed by ENTER): rundll32.exe keymgr.dll,KRShowKeyMgr
You are configuring the security options of your mail server and you would like to block certain file attachments to prevent viruses and malware from entering the users inbox.
Which of the following file formats will you block?
(Select up to 6)
Correct Answer: BCEFIJ
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